The demand for gas and oil has been experiencing an all-time high for the last ten years. According to some statistics, this demand will go beyond 110 million barrels by 2030. This means that gas and oil investors need to use clear measures so as to maximize this rising demand. One of these ways is to use gas and oil valves.
Basically, valves are an important part of a project. Shopping for valves is certainly not what many individuals may describe as a perfect day out. However, they are important to the utility sector. This is why knowing the common type of valves you can buy is important. Some of these valves include:
1. Double Block and Bleed Valves
The key functions of a double block & bleed valve are intervention and isolation. Under particular conditions, a double block and bleed system is required to avoid product contamination and block the flow of fluid to ensure the liquid from the upstream doesn’t reach other elements, which are downstream. This allows you to vent or bleed off the remaining fluid from the system on the downstream side so as to execute some kind of work, chemical injections, flow diversion, and sampling. These valves work under the principle that isolation might be achieved from downstream and upstream fluid pressures.
2. Butterfly Valves
These are used to modulate and isolate a variety of media with low-pressure loss. Butterfly valves normally come equipped with an actuator. Their small thickness makes them fit in almost every place, while their ease of availability means that you can use the valves in big pipes. When actuated, butterfly valves are quick to close and open and can offer high reliability with minimum maintenance.
3. Control Valves
Control valves handle pressure, temperature, and flow rate in the gas and oil industry. Typically, they work by varying the flow passage’s size directed by an electrical, hydraulic, or pneumatic signal sent from a controller. This automatic operation of control valves makes them remotely operate, instead of constantly adjusting and monitoring the system.
4. Breather Valves
Breather valves, also regarded as vacuum relief systems, are designed for tank protection. They prevent the accumulation of excessive vacuum or pressure that may damage the storage vessel or unbalance the whole system. Vacuum and pressure protection levels are controlled with weighted pallets and might be combined to meet certain settings. These valves should be used following the API’s (American Petroleum Institute’s) standard for low pressure and venting atmospheric storage tanks.
5. Globe Valves
These are linear motion valves, which you can use to regulate, start, and stop the flow of medium through pipeline systems. You can also use the valves for throttling and isolation services. Globe valves feature a disk, which completely closes the flow path. This is the key reason globe valves offer better shut-off when compared to the likes of gate valves. The oil and gas industry involves the use of temperatures and pressures to produce various commodities. It needs sophisticated engineering, and most valves, which control the important material fluids. Regardless of the kind of valve used, the system you choose mustn’t result in the leak of hazardous materials.