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Saturday, September 23, 2023

What is Tailgating in Cyber Security? How Does it Work?


you’re at a football game, surrounded by the excitement of cheering fans and the aroma of sizzling hot dogs. As you make your way through the vibrant crowd towards the entrance gates, someone slips in behind you without showing their ticket. They’ve successfully “tailgated” their way into the stadium, taking advantage of your access to gain entry without proper authorization.

Now, imagine that same scenario happening in the digital world. Welcome to know what is tailgating in cyber security! This sneaky technique involves an unauthorized individual gaining entry into secure areas by following closely behind an authorized person. 

In this blog post, we’ll dive deep into what tailgating is all about in cyber security, how it works, and most importantly, how you can prevent it from compromising your organization’s sensitive data and infrastructure. So fasten your seatbelts as we embark on this cybersecurity journey together!

Types of Tailgaters

Just like in the physical world, there are different types of tailgaters when it comes to cyber security. Let’s take a closer look at these individuals who try to exploit the vulnerabilities within your organization’s access control systems.

1. The Opportunist: This type of tailgater seizes every chance they get to slip through security checkpoints undetected. They wait for a moment when employees are rushing or distracted, and quickly blend in as if they belong.

2. The Social Engineer: These crafty individuals use their charm and manipulation skills to gain unauthorized access. They may pose as contractors, delivery personnel, or even fellow employees in need of assistance – all with the aim of convincing someone to hold the door open for them.

3. The Insider Collaborator: Unlike external threats, this type of tailgater is an inside job. It involves an employee knowingly allowing unauthorized individuals into secure areas by either intentionally holding doors open or sharing their access credentials.

4. The Piggybacker: Similar to opportunist tailgaters, piggybackers simply follow closely behind authorized individuals without raising suspicion. By blending into the crowd and mimicking legitimate entry behavior, they gain easy access without anyone noticing.

Understanding these different types can help you identify potential vulnerabilities within your organization’s security protocols and develop strategies specific to each threat category.

How to Prevent Tailgating Breaches

Preventing tailgating breaches is essential to maintaining a secure cyber environment. Here are some effective strategies to keep unauthorized individuals out and protect your sensitive data.

Implementing strict access control measures can greatly minimize the risk of tailgating. This includes using proximity cards or biometric systems that require unique identification for entry. By ensuring that only authorized personnel have access to restricted areas, you can significantly reduce the chances of an outsider slipping in unnoticed.

Another important preventive measure is employee education. It’s crucial to train your staff on the importance of not allowing strangers into secure areas without proper verification. Teach them about social engineering tactics commonly used by attackers and remind them of their responsibility to safeguard company resources.

Physical security measures also play a significant role in preventing tailgating breaches. Installing turnstiles or mantrap systems at entry points can effectively restrict unauthorized access. These mechanisms allow only one person through at a time, preventing anyone from following closely behind an authorized individual.

Regular security audits and assessments should be conducted to identify any vulnerabilities or gaps in existing protocols. This will enable you to make necessary improvements and adjustments as needed, ensuring that your defenses against tailgating remain strong.

Leveraging technology such as video surveillance cameras can provide additional layers of protection against potential breaches. Monitoring entrances and exits allows for real-time detection of suspicious activity, allowing immediate response and intervention if required.

By adopting these preventative measures, organizations can enhance their cyber security posture and mitigate the risks associated with tailgating breaches. It’s crucial to stay vigilant and proactive in order to keep intruders at bay while safeguarding valuable assets within your network infrastructure.

How Does Tailgating Work in Cyber Security?

Tailgating, also known as piggybacking, is a social engineering technique used by cybercriminals to gain unauthorized access to secured areas or systems. In the context of cyber security, tailgating occurs when an individual follows closely behind an authorized person who has proper credentials and gains access without their own valid authentication.

The process is simple yet effective. The tailgater takes advantage of the trust and courtesy exhibited by individuals within organizations or physical spaces. For example, in a workplace setting, someone may hold the door open for a colleague without realizing that they are allowing an unauthorized person to enter alongside them.

In terms of digital environments, what is tailgating in cyber security can occur through various means. It could involve using stolen or shared login credentials to gain entry into restricted networks or compromising physical devices like USB drives or smart cards that grant access privileges.

To execute a successful tailgating attack, cybercriminals often rely on exploiting human psychology. They may impersonate employees or contractors, forge identification badges, use distraction techniques to divert attention away from their actions, or even create emergencies that require urgent entry.

Additionally, technology can be leveraged in tandem with tailgating attacks. For instance, hackers might deploy malware onto legitimate users’ devices via email attachments or malicious links to steal login credentials and bypass security measures undetected.

By gaining unauthorized access through tailgating methods like these examples mentioned above; threat actors can infiltrate sensitive data repositories such as financial records databases (e.g., banking information), customer information databases (e.g., personally identifiable information), trade secrets repositories containing proprietary business information etc.; potentially leading to devastating consequences for both individuals and organizations alike if not properly safeguarded against.

Why Tailgating Cyber Security Matters

Tailgating cyber security is a significant concern that organizations must address to protect their sensitive information and systems from unauthorized access. It refers to the act of an individual gaining physical access to restricted areas or facilities by following closely behind an authorized person. While this may seem harmless at first glance, it can have severe consequences for cybersecurity.

One of the main reasons why and what is tailgating in cyber security matters is because it can lead to data breaches and theft. Once inside a secure area, a tailgater can easily gain access to sensitive information, such as passwords, documents, or even physical assets like laptops or servers. This type of breach can result in financial losses, reputational damage, and legal repercussions for companies.

Additionally, tailgating poses risks not only to organizations but also individuals within them. Unauthorized individuals who manage to enter highly secure zones could potentially harm employees or sabotage critical infrastructure. This puts both personal safety and business operations at risk.

Furthermore, compliance with industry regulations is another reason why tailgating cyber security matters. Many sectors are subject to strict guidelines regarding physical access controls and safeguarding confidential data. Failure to prevent unauthorized entry through tailgating not only violates these regulations but also exposes organizations to penalties and fines.

Tips for Enhancing Tailgating Cyber Security

  1. Implement Access Control Measures: One of the most effective ways to prevent tailgating breaches is by implementing access control measures. This includes using security systems such as key cards, biometric scanners, or even security guards to ensure that only authorized personnel can enter restricted areas.

    2. Conduct Regular Awareness Training: Educating employees about the risks and consequences of tailgating is crucial in enhancing cyber security. By conducting regular training sessions on this topic, employees will be more vigilant and better equipped to recognize and report any suspicious activity.

    3. Foster a Culture of Accountability: It’s important to create a culture where everyone takes responsibility for their own actions when it comes to cyber security. Encourage employees to challenge individuals they don’t recognize and remind them of the potential risks associated with allowing unauthorized persons into secure areas.

    4. Monitor Surveillance Systems: Utilize surveillance systems like CCTV cameras throughout your premises as an additional layer of protection against tailgaters. These systems can provide visual evidence in case of any breach attempts, aiding further investigation and deterrence.

    5. Maintain Clear Signage and Physical Barriers: Clearly display signage indicating restricted areas and remind employees about the importance of not letting others follow behind them without proper authorization. Additionally, physical barriers such as turnstiles or revolving doors can help restrict access points and minimize opportunities for tailgating incidents.

    6. Conduct Regular Audits: Periodic audits should be conducted to assess compliance with established security policies related to tailgating prevention measures. Identify weaknesses, address gaps in procedures, update technologies if necessary, and reinforce best practices within the organization.

    7. Implement Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): To enhance digital access control measures further, consider implementing two-factor authentication (2FA) for sensitive information or critical operations within your organization’s networks or platforms.

    This adds an extra layer of verification beyond just usernames/passwords alone.

    By implementing these tips, organizations can significantly enhance their tailgating cyber security measures and


Tailgating in cyber security is a serious threat that can compromise the safety and integrity of sensitive information. By understanding how tailgating works and the various types of tailgaters, organizations can take proactive measures to prevent breaches.

Preventing tailgating breaches requires a multi-faceted approach. Implementing strict access control measures, such as requiring ID badges or using biometric authentication systems, can help deter unauthorized individuals from gaining entry. Education and awareness training for employees are also essential to foster a culture of vigilance and ensure everyone understands the risks associated with tailgating.

To enhance tailgating cyber security practices within your organization, consider implementing additional layers of authentication like two-factor or multi-factor authentication methods. Regularly review your physical access control policies and procedures to identify any vulnerabilities or gaps that may exist.

So stay informed! Stay alert! And keep those digital doors locked tight!


Ghumro Muhammad Azhar Work for BTM
Ghumro Muhammad Azhar Work for BTMhttps://www.foxbusinesstrend.com
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