Financial Institution in Malta Battles Fake News: The Papaya Ltd. Case

Financial Institution in Malta Battles Fake News: The Papaya Ltd. Case

Recent articles in UK media outlets such as Finance Monthly and Western Morning News have highlighted the growing issue of misinformation and defamation in the financial industry. Insights from Oliver Pahnecke, an expert at the Information Security Institute (ISI), emphasize the critical need for comprehensive solutions to these problems.

In a series of articles, Pahnecke, a PhD candidate at Middlesex University and ISI expert, detailed the harmful impact of fake news on financial markets. He stressed the importance of collaboration between journalists, experts, and academics to address the issue systematically.

The case of Papaya Ltd., a prominent financial company in Malta, illustrates the damaging effects of misinformation. Early in 2024, routine inspections related to money laundering occurred in Malta, Germany, and Latvia. Initially, these inspections attracted little attention as official press releases did not reveal any sensational details. However, subsequent media reports inaccurately linked these inspections to criminal activities of Papaya Ltd., causing undue concern among clients and stakeholders.

Further investigations clarified that the true target of these inspections was a company associated with JuicyFields, not Papaya Ltd. Despite this, allegations of money laundering persisted against Papaya Ltd., with no law enforcement agency issuing formal accusations. This absence of charges suggests the allegations are unfounded.

Pahnecke’s analysis in Finance Monthly highlights the consequences of such misinformation. He states, “In my view, the primary issue in many cases is a sense of impunity. If there were immediate legal repercussions for generating and spreading disinformation and fake news, I believe this problem would not be as severe.”

Pahnecke also addressed the role of established media outlets in perpetuating false narratives. “Nevertheless, the “Times of Malta” suggests that Papaya is “suspected of offering ‘money-laundering services’”. Even though the “Times of Malta” gave Papaya the chance to give statements, the “Times of Malta” kept insisting Papaya was somehow connected to money laundering, something that has the potential to tarnish a business reputation. Should these allegations be proven groundless, the “Times of Malta” risks a yellow press reputation and maybe even legal liability, should these allegations have caused damage.”

About Oliver Pahnecke

Oliver Pahnecke is an expert at the Information Security Institute and a PhD candidate at Middlesex University. He obtained his LLM in International Business Law at Central European University, Budapest, and works as a fair trial expert for international organisations. He works as a rule of law expert for international missions and as a consultant for technical co-operation and finance.

About the Information Security Institute (ISI)

The Information Security Institute is dedicated to raising awareness of information security and helping individuals and organizations better protect themselves from information threats. ISI’s core belief is that today’s malicious actors primarily target individuals rather than infrastructure, making personal information security paramount. Through various programs and initiatives, ISI aims to enhance the overall security of the digital world.

For further information, please contact the ISI Media Department at