Hip Replacement Preoperative Procedures
Before total hip replacement surgery, patients undergo a dental evaluation, full physical examination, and several tests (e.g., chest x-ray, blood tests, urinalysis, EKG). The surgeons use orthopedic instruments and Hip Prosthesis Implants to perform the surgery, provided by the orthopedic product suppliers. Patients who are overweight may be advised to lose weight to decrease the risk of complications at the time of and after surgery. In some cases, patients donate blood before surgery in case a blood transfusion is essential during the procedure.
Before surgery, patients should follow their health care provider’s directions for drinking, eating, and taking medicine. In most cases, patients are advised not to drink or eat after midnight the night before the procedure.
Postoperative Care after Hip Replacement Surgery
After surgery, patients are taken to the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) as well as being closely monitored by the nursing staff until they are coherent and awake. Once the anesthesia wears off, the patient is transferred to her or his hospital room.
Following hip replacement surgery, patients often remain in the hospital for 3-7 days. The length of recovery relies on the kind of surgery performed (e.g., traditional, minimally invasive), the overall health of the patient, and the success of rehabilitation.
After the process, patients must limit movement and the hip often is braced in the accurate position. In most cases, a drain is inserted near the site of the incision to excess drain fluid and patients continue to take intravenous (i.e., by a vein; IV) fluids. Patients who have trouble urinating can have a catheter in place to drain the bladder. Prescription pain relievers are utilized to reduce discomfort.
Patients often are required to do simple coughing exercises or breathing to decrease the risk of fluid in the lungs. Physical therapy normally begins the day after surgery. Within 2 days, most patients can stand, sit up, and walk with assistance and Charlotte Web GuidancePA. Staples or stitches (sutures) are often removed in about 2 weeks.